Alternative fuels free download as powerpoint presentation. To find out if you can use schedule 3 form 8849 to claim the credit, go to irs. Alternative sources of energy an introduction to fuel cells. The federal highway administration fhwa recently announced the designation of the nations first alternative fuel corridors for electric, hydrogen, natural gas, and propane vehicles. Luxfer gas cylinders is a leading global supplier of lightweight, highpressure composite cylinders for storage and transportation of compressed natural gas cng, a cleanburning, environmentally friendly alternative fuel. Alternative fuels include natural gas, compressed natural gas, liquid propane gas, liquified petroleum gas, alcohols, gasolinealcohol mixtures containing at least 85 percent alcohol by volume, hydrogen, hythane, electricity and any other fuel not taxable as liquid. Before hydrogen can play a bigger energy role and become a widely used alternative to gasoline, many new facilities and systems must be built. The alternative fuel infrastructure credit is a credit of 50% of the allowable costs for the purchase and installation of an alternative fuel storage and dispensing or charging station at a private residence, or on nonresidential property designed for use by the public. Rebates are offered to pennsylvania residents only. Examines alternative fuels that are candidates for military applications, focusing on economic viability, greenhouse gas emissions, military utility, and current alternative fuel development and testing efforts within the department of defense. To assess the commercial and operational viability of alternative marine fuels, based on existing academic and industry literature.
For natural gas and other alternative fuel 81010a 101519. This book explores four alternatives to gasolinepowered carssolarpowered. It has begun to be used in commercial fuel cell vehicles such as passenger cars, and has been used in fuel cell buses for many years. You can use form 46 to claim the credit for mixtures or fuels sold or used during the 2019 calendar year. Alternative energy oregon state university abstract. Alternative fuel price report alternative fuels data center. According to scientists, the earth only has about 120 years worth of oil left. Companies, nonprofit organizations, and government agencies are invited to apply for alternative fuel incentive grants. Fuel cell technologies office 1 department of energy fuel cell technologies office fcto coldcryogenic composites for hydrogen storage applications in fcevs dallas, tx. Hydrogen has great potential as an environmentally clean energy fuel and as a way to reduce reliance on imported energy sources. In addition to our former business pharmaceuticals, we have used our catalytic chemistry capability to create a new catalyst which efficiently splits water, retains the oxygen in the liquid, and releases pure hydrogen for use as a fuel or for use as a fuel supplement. Hydrogen fuel cells create electricity by splitting electrons from hydrogen molecules.
This paper looks at an alternative source of energy to hydrocarbons. Dan sperling november, 2012 fall quarter 2012 energy and environmental aspects of transportation civil and environmental engineering eci 163 environmental science and policy esp 163. Hydrogen as an alternative automotive fuel 810349 the technical feasibility of replacing petroleumbased fuels with hydrogen is established, considering production, distribution, onboard storage and suitability as a fuel in internal combustion engine and fuel cellpowered electric vehicles. A schema for a typical fuel cell wherein the electrolyte is a proton exchange membrane pem and. We will need facilities to make hydrogen, store it, and move it. The year links below provide access the pennsylvania bulletin detailing the tax rates and calculations for each year. Informational nonfiction, 1,866 words, level v grade 4, lexile 990l.
The purpose of this form is to report gallons or gallon equivalents of alternative fuel and remit the applicable tax for alternative fuel used. The alternative fuel vehicle rebate program reopens at 8. Bush that we replace fossil fuels with hydrogen, which can serve as a clean fuel. Christopher barry of all the fuels which are used by combustion, hydrogen has the highest energy per kilogram and the waste product from the combustion of hydrogen is water absolutely no carbon dioxide and no greenhouse gases if the water vapour is condensed. State alternative fuels plan, 2050 vision, lowcarbon fuel standard, portfolio analysis, energy realibility, full fuel cycle, biofuels, climate change, advanced vehicle technologies, transportation demand, petroleum dependance. A tank feeds hydrogen to the anode, where a catalyst separates the protons from the electrons. In fact, the main reasons behind hydrogen investigation as an alternative green fuel are its availability and its exceptional energetically efficient combustion generating only water as a by. Popular alternatives to hydrogen for windows, web, linux, mac, iphone and more. Alternative fuels used to propel vehicles on public highways are subject to the alternative fuels tax. If hydrogen is the next transportation fuel, the primary energy source used to produce the vast amounts of hydrogen. The usage of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies will affect significant social. Tr anspor tation, petroleum use, and alter natives guest lecture.
It can be used in fuel cells or internal combustion engines. This is a disadvantage for storage, transport and safety purposes since it will need to be stored at very high pressures. The term may refer to a personal transportation vehicle, such as an. Research and commercial efforts are under way to expand the limited hydrogen. A new solution for storing hydrogen fuel for alternative energy. As an avid researcher of alternative fuels and an ambitious chemistry student, this researcher understands the importance of a shift to a hydrogen economy. File multiple forms as long as the dispensing stations. We need to start looking for other ways to power our vehicles. In addition, hydrogen cannot be used to produce energy by combustion at temperatures below 0 celsius, since the fuel requires a higher temperature to burn. Hydrogen as an alternative fuel oregon state university.
Alternative may be seen as alternative to what we use now, which is how most politicians like to see it, so that theyre using alternative fuel in their lpg cars, but others see alternative fuels as being nonfossil fuels, noncarbon fuels, or renewable energy sources. Factors such as cost, fuel distribution, emissions, vehicle systems analysis, energy storage, power and propulsion systems, and advanced power electronics are just some of the considerations in phasing in alternative fuels and advanced vehicle design. Although a promising alternative to conventional energy sources, hydrogen has posed a number of technological challenges that scientists are still overcoming. Although natural gas is a fossil fuel it is, as mentioned before, the one fossil fuel that is actually quite clean. Alternative fuel untaxed products return this form is issued under authority of p. Hydrogen h 2 is an alternative fuel that can be produced from diverse domestic resources. Fuel cells a fuel cell is an alternative energy device, but it is not necessarily a renewable energy device.
It is only renewable if the source of the fuel used is renewable. Alternative fuel cars alternative fuel cars alternative fuel cars. Alternatives to hydrogen for windows, web, linux, mac, iphone and more. Alternative fuels include natural gas, compressed natural gas, liquid propane gas, liquified petroleum gas, alcohols, gasolinealcohol mixtures containing at least 85 percent alcohol by volume, hydrogen, hythane, electricity and any other fuel not taxable as. Read chapter 4 hydrogen, alternative fuels, and electricity. Informational nonfiction, 1,626 words, level v grade 4 according to scientists, the earth only has about 120 years worth of oil left. Even though the alternative fuel has raised the awareness of the people, there is one big problem about it. File multiple forms as long as the dispensing stations are located in the district of columbia.
Students will probably have heard of some of these alternative fuels, but they may not understand how and why they are better then ordinary gasoline. The alternative fuels include d are hydrogen, ammonia, methanol, lpg, advanced. So that means combustion of coal, natural gas and hydrogen amongst other things fossil fuels as well as nuclear fuel enriched uranium etc, the sun and the battery technically the fuel wouldnt be the cell, its the contents of the cell such as the zinc and chloride in a zincchloride cell. Introduction conventional fuels fossil fuels petroleum, coal, and nuclear materials such as uranium. A new solution for storing hydrogen fuel for alternative. Luxfer alternative fuel cylinders are also used for storage of biomethane, hydrogen and other industrial bulk gases and. The department of energy hydrogen and fuel cells program plan. The automobile industry is considering hydrogen as one of the alternative fuels. A water fuel engine hydrogen vehicle is an alternative fuel vehicle that uses hydrogen as its onboard fuel for motive power.
The main purpose of fuel is to store energy, which. Poster presentation preparation information hydrogen and. It is much safer than other fuels in the event of a spill, because natural gas is lighter than air and disperses quickly when released made by compressing natural gas which is mainly composed of methane. For 2019, the biodiesel or renewable diesel mixture credit and the alternative fuel credit are extended. In addition to our former business pharmaceuticals, we have used our catalytic chemistry capability to create a new catalyst which efficiently splits water, retains the oxygen in the liquid, and releases pure hydrogen for use as a fuel or for use as a fuel supplement this new catalyst, called catalytic carbon, has been. Alternative fuel vehicle infrastructure and conversion. Hydrogen, when used in a fuel cell to provide electricity, is an emissionsfree alternative fuel produced from diverse energy sources.
Thats the idea originated in the 1970s and promoted by former president george w. Currently, drivers of lightduty fuel cell electric vehicles fcevs can fuel up at retail stations in less than 5 minutes and obtain a driving range of more than 300 miles. Consolidated licenses must also file an iowa lngcnghydrogen monthly consolidated schedule, form 81023, to support the amounts. In the collective opinion of the committee, there are essentially three primary alternative. Although hydrogen is in its infancy in the market as a transportation fuel, government and industry are working toward clean, economical, and safe hydrogen production and distribution for widespread use in fuel cell electric vehicles fcevs.
Fuel considerations performance and utility properties of fuels and energy carriers mass volume energy energy state fuel or energy carrier density density at stp critical alternative mjkg mjl fuel considerations gasoline 46 34 liquid chemical, physical, diesel 46 37 liquid and energy characteristics ethanol 30 24 liquid. Based on our award winning success with alternative fuel vehicles, and the growing consumer demand for even more efficient, reduced emission vehicles, green car rental company intends to demonstrate the feasibility, and lead the rental car industry again by adding hydrogen fuel cell vehicles to our fleet. The alternative fuel vehicle conversion credit is a credit of 50% of the equipment and labor. See more ideas about hydrogen fuel, alternative energy and hydrogen generator. Research and commercial efforts are under way to expand the limited. Hydrogen as an alternative fuel sustaining our world. This chapter discusses the fuel production and use associated with striving to meet the overall study goals of a 50 percent reduction in petroleum use by 2030 and an 80 percent reduction in petroleum use and in greenhouse gas ghg emissions from the lightduty vehicle ldv fleet by 2050 compared to the corresponding values in 2005. Like a battery, a fuel cell has two electrodes, one negative the anode and the other positive the cathode surrounding an electrolyte. A study of hydrogen as an alternative fuel request pdf. Review your pdf file to confirm that all content from your powerpoint file was completely captured within the pdf during conversion. Lngcnghydrogen is delivered into the fuel supply tank of a motor vehicle. These alternative fuels include such things as propane, natural gas, electric hybrids, hydrogen fuel cells, and biodiesel.
Although a promising alternative to conventional energy sources, hydrogen has posed a number. Hydrogen as an alternative fuel young scientists journal. Hydrogen fuel cell technology for the sustainable future of. The approach assesses how well selected alternative fuels perform compared to lng fuel. Request pdf a study of hydrogen as an alternative fuel as oil prices increase, the interest in alternative fuels increases. Filter by license to discover only free or open source alternatives. Jun 03, 2018 hydrogen as an alternative fuel author. Alternative fuels also known as nonconventional fuels, any materials or substances that can be used as fuels, other than conventional fuels. The goal is to produce energy using hydrogen fuel cells. This method presupposes replacing the gasoline engines with electric ones that use hydrogen storage system on board of the vehicle that, in turn, is directly used as the source of chemical energy to power the fuel cell system.
Investigating the use of hydrogen as an alternative fuel. Alternative fuels in new york city the main alternative fuel choice in new york city, at present, is compressed natural gas cng. There are many problems hindering the use of hydrogen as an alternative fuel, but many technologies are already being developed to overcome these. It is not easy for us to find out the fueling station. Hydrogen has a very low energy density when compared to gasoline. Department of energy fuel cell technologies office fcto. May 21, 2014 turning the hydrogen economy concept into a reality, even on a small scale, has been a bumpy road, but scientists are developing a novel way to store hydrogen to smooth out the longawaited.
Hydrogen fuel is a zeroemission fuel burned with oxygen. Some wellknown alternative fuels include biodiesel, bioalcohol methanol, ethanol, butane, refusederived fuel, chemically stored electricity batteries and fuel cells, hydrogen, nonfossil methane, nonfossil natural gas, vegetable oil, propane and other biomass source background. Hydrogen has the potential to be a very efficient clean energy source in the future especially if its use can be adapted for applications which have the greatest energy demands such as transport. It is also used as a fuel for spacecraft propulsion as of 2018, the majority of hydrogen.682 1086 686 247 611 925 1136 306 259 1444 866 54 391 573 702 147 669 1306 780 1381 951 1307 44 940 455 94 674 641 1358 262 1385 996 29 866 703 1436 119 664 700 924 678 1236 451